Youth Policies towards Inequalities in European Countries
ItalyThe situation of young people in Italy and (innovative) policy answers
2. How do existing policies address these challenges?
A general limitation of the existing public policies (definition, development and implementation), with an absence of adequate opportunities of available educational paths, in particular with reference to a lack of vocational training schools oriented to work has been highlighted. The implementation of the existing policies appeared often not integrated at the national and local levels. The young unemployed appeared not sufficiently involved in policy making. In addition, with the exception of the involved third sector provider and CGIL, employment support services, government policy makers and trade union representatives did not appear prone to favor an effective participation of youth representatives in policy making and in institutionalizing such grass-root practices.
3. How to increase capability-friendly policies in Italy?
There are several ways to increase capability-friendly policies in Italy: develop vocational schools more oriented to work; Increase financial funding for Academic studies; Reduce firms and work’s taxation; Assess the consequences of an excessive extension of temporary job contracts; narrowing down the types of temporary contracts and of introducing a minimum market entry level of labour costs; Improve planning, investments in innovation and research; Prevent discriminations and enhance equal opportunities in the labour market; Develop of capability friendly policies for a general lack of youth groups in influencing policies and governmental agendas towards youth’s need and priorities; Improve controlling and evaluating the outcomes with the involvement of new actors responsible for controlling youth unemployment policies’ implementation.
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